Every city in China has its own nickname, and guangzhou is sure to come out on top in terms of weirdness, because it's also known as "Yang cheng," or "Yang cheng," and people listen to cantonese for "mei mei," like "do mei ya? Is it because this guangzhou is called yangcheng?
Those who have been to guangzhou must know that guangzhou has no grassland like Inner Mongolia and no sheep running around everywhere. Why is it called sheep city? The so-called sheep city is related to an ancient legend of five sheep health and well-being. There is a statue of five sheep in yuexiu park in guangzhou, which also describes this legend.
In the 9th century BC, the state of chu of the zhou dynasty built a town called chu ting in what is now guangzhou. One year, due to successive disasters, the fields in chuting were deserted, the crops failed and the people were hungry. One day, five auspicious clouds appeared in the sky of the south China sea. Five fairies, dressed in red, orange, yellow, green and purple, rode on five fairy sheep, each carrying a stalk and six ears of rice. The immortal presented the ears of rice to the people, and left five sheep, wishing there would be no famine here, and then flew away.
From then on, guangzhou became the richest place in lingnan. Also began to have "sheep city", "five sheep city" said.
Guangzhou is known as the ancient trading capital.
The endless exhibitions in pazhou, the rising GDP of pearl river new city and the endless crowds in various business circles all proclaim the prosperity of guangzhou to the world.
But there is such a place, it let the business of guangzhou to the world, for the whole country to contribute most of the wealth, but like fireworks, in the history of the short shine and then disappeared.
Nowadays, guangzhou still is that awe-inspiring guangzhou, and that once was acknowledged by the west to produce the 13 lines of the world rich, disappear in memory of more and more people however.
May is a good time to remember, today, let us pick up 13 lines of previous life.
Thirteen-Trades Monopoly: legends of previous lives
"I'm so lucky to meet you."
In the late 17th century, the emperor kangxi temporarily relaxed the sea ban, which led to an increasing number of foreign businessmen coming to China for trade.
Therefore, the guangdong government recruited 13 powerful merchants, designated them to do business with foreign countries and collect customs duties on behalf of the customs.
From then on, the famous "guangzhou thirteen lines" in modern Chinese history was born.
In 1757, the qing dynasty ordered to implement the policy of seclusion, and only guangzhou was retained as a port for foreign trade.
This directly promoted xixing to be the only legal "special foreign trade zone" in China at that time, which brought huge business opportunities to merchants.
"Thank you for being so brilliant."
Treasures from all over the world were also sent to the royal family through Thirteen-Trades Monopoly, and the large amount of tax revenue generated in the Thirteen-Trades Monopoly shocked the whole country, so the Thirteen-Trades Monopoly was also called "tianzi nanku".
At that time, the richest man in the world, wu bingjian, was the owner of jardine matheson, who made a fortune selling high-end tea. He is estimated to be worth 28 million taels of silver, compared with 7 million taels for the wealthiest americans of the same period.
Not only does he own a staggering amount of property, houses, tea houses, shops and fortunes at home, but he also invests in railways, securities trading and insurance in the us and is the largest creditor of the British east India company.
In 2001, the Wall Street journal released an album that listed him among the 50 richest people in the world over the last millennium.
This is one of the thirteen rows, so how rich are they combined? In 1882, the thirteenth row was on fire, and a mile or two of molten silver flowed everywhere.
"I was destroyed in the brightest moment."
At the peak of the Thirteen-Trades Monopoly group, an undercurrent is quietly surging.
At that time, the anti-smoking movement was at its peak, but in order to make huge profits, some secured foreign businessmen often carried opium in the real goods, and the merchants had to offer huge wealth to the qing government again and again to seek temporary peace.
In June 1840, Britain was dissatisfied with the monopoly trade of thirteen and launched the opium war.
After the signing of the treaty of nanjing, the qing government ordered the merchants to repay 3 million silver yuan of foreign debts in 1843, and wu bingjian alone assumed 1 million silver yuan. That was the year wu bingjian died in guangzhou.
After his death, the Thirteen-Trades Monopoly , once the richest in the world, began to decline gradually.
Many merchants went bankrupt after being milked by the qing government. More fatally, with the implementation of the five-port trade, guangdong lost its advantage in foreign trade, and the privileges enjoyed by the thirteen branches of guangdong ended.
After the outbreak of the second opium war, a sudden fire came to the thirteen lines, burning two days and two nights of fire so that these have more than 100 years of history of the business, completely turned to ashes.
Thirteen-Trades Monopoly: life stories
"With the flow of years, with the aging of white hair"
Nowadays, there are no longer thirteen lines in guangzhou, which has created a miracle of the land, covered with a safe park - cultural park.
In the park, the old people meet for a walk and chat on benches when they are tired.
"So you are the luck I want to keep most."
Peaceful and happy in the park, I could not find any glory or disturbance belonging to the thirteen lines, until I came to the thirteen line museum.
There are countless treasures here that are paid tribute or exported in Thirteen-Trades Monopoly.
Absentminded between, as if oneself also place oneself in the river with this history...